All about your Pug

Pugs are affectionate, smart and playful, with a huge personality and like nothing more than to be the centre of attention. Find out more about this compact, outgoing dog, from their temperament and how they should be groomed, to their health and exercise needs.

    Breed information & advice

    The Pug is from the toy dog group and was bred to sit on laps, making them the perfect companion. Their love of people makes them a great breed choice for families with or without children. Here's more you should know:

    • The Pug is a sociable, loving and loyal dog, and will follow their owners everywhere
    • They have a double coat meaning they can shed a lot, so you may want to invest in a good vacuum cleaner
    • They'll typically weigh between 6kg and 8kg, when fully grown
    • A healthy Pug will usually live for up to 10 years

    Typical size of a Pug: Small: 25cm-36cm

        Recommended exercise & nutrition

        Pugs are relatively low-maintenance when it comes to exercise, and while your dog will enjoy playing outdoors, they can be quite subdued when inside.

        They'll need up to one hour of exercise a day, whether walking on a lead or playing in a secure garden. Your dog can be sensitive to heat, so make sure you limit their outside time in warmer months. A Pug puppy’s exercise needs to be limited to free-running and gentle play, as excessive walking and jumping can harm their joints while they're growing.

        Pugs are known for their love of food, so take care not to overfeed your dog, as this breed can also be prone to obesity. You should give your Pug two high-quality meals each day, to ensure they're getting the right nutrients. The exact amount will vary depending on their age, size and how active they are. Be sure to read the recommended serving portions on the food packet.

          Up to one hour of exercise per day

          Pugs are loveable dogs who enjoy relaxing and playing outside. Be careful not to over-indulge your companion, and encourage them to exercise.

              Common health problems & illnesses

              There’s no reason why your Pug shouldn’t live a long and happy life. However, being aware of the ailments your dog will be more prone to, along with the associated symptoms, can help you to deal with any health issues that crop up.

                Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) is the term used to describe upper airway breathing problems. Due to their compact airways, Pugs might occasionally find it difficult to breathe. They could also find it hard to pant, meaning they can’t cool themselves down as effectively as other dogs after exercise or in warmer weather. For advice on allergies, obesity and other conditions that might have caused breathing problems, contact your vet.

                  Hemivertebrae in dogs is a congenital condition where your dog has one or more vertebrae that are deformed; the vertebrae may be fused or wedge-shaped leading to twisting in the spine. If you're noticing any pain or weakness in your dog, or if they’re unable to walk, your vet will conduct a physical examination and will likely then have x-rays done.

                    Skin fold dermatitis is an infection in a pocket between two folds of skin. Skin fold pockets are warm and moist, providing a perfect place for bacteria and yeast to grow. The first sign of skin fold dermatitis tends to be smell and red skin between the folds. Prevent this condition by regularly cleaning and drying in between your dog’s skin folds. Contact your vet if you notice your dog has skin problems.

                      Pugs have big round eyes, giving them a soft and attentive expression but the shape and size also mean they can be prone to problems such as corneal ulcers. If you notice your dog is keeping an eye closed, or they’re experiencing pain or discharge from the area, take them to your vet who will be able to advise on the treatment available.

                        A common injury affecting this breed is a dislocated kneecap, also known as a luxating patella. This is a condition that they’ll have been born with, and signs to look out for include occasional skipping or hind-leg lameness. Simple surgery is usually the best way to treat this condition, but your vet can advise on the best course of action.

                          Dog name popularity

                          If you’re struggling to think of a name for your Pug, take a look at the most popular ones at Tesco Bank Pet Insurance for inspiration.

                            1 Lola
                            2 Bella
                            3 Frank
                            4 Poppy
                            5 Hugo

                            Average treatment costs

                            Wondering whether pet insurance for your Pug is worth it? We’ve put together the top five conditions claimed for by Tesco Bank Pet Insurance customers in 2021. To give you an idea of how much vet bills can vary, we’ve shown both the average cost and the top 10% most expensive costs for each condition.

                              Top five conditions and average costs

                              Top five conditions and average costs


                              Average cost

                              10% most expensive

                              Corneal ulcer



                                    Respiratory condition



                                          Eye condition









                                                            Tesco Bank Pet Insurance claims data from paid treatments including excesses from 01/01/21 to 31/12/21.

                                                            Considering Pug insurance?

                                                            We know your dog is an important member of the family, so give them the protection they deserve with Tesco Bank Pet Insurance.

                                                            Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance Ltd.

                                                            Grooming advice

                                                            Despite their short coats, Pugs moult a lot so it’s important you regularly groom your dog to keep them looking their best. Frequent brushing all over will remove dead or loose hair, and you may want to give them a bath once a month. When washing, make sure to pay special attention to the folds of skin on the face, as these can become sore if not properly dried.

                                                            You should also regularly check your Pug’s nose, which can become painful if dirt and debris are not removed properly. Wipe the area using a damp cotton pad or baby wipe, followed by a dry tissue.

                                                            Be sure to check their eyes as they can be vulnerable to infection or irritation. Remove debris with a moist cotton pad while being careful that no fluff is left behind. It’s also important to use a different cotton pad for each eye, so any infection that may be present is not passed to the other.

                                                              Fun & interesting facts

                                                              • A group of Pugs is known as a ‘grumble’.
                                                              • In Germany your dog would be called a Mop.
                                                              • This breed is believed to be the oldest in existence.
                                                              • Originally this dog was bred to sit on the laps of Chinese emperors.

                                                              Important information

                                                              The content on this page aims to offer an informative introduction to pet breeds, but does not constitute expert veterinary advice. If your dog or cat falls ill or has an injury, contact your vet immediately. Tesco Bank Pet Insurance has a partnership with vetfone™ which means that as a customer, you can benefit from their advice as part of your policy.

                                                              Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance Ltd. The vetfone™ service is provided by VetsDirect Ltd.

                                                              All facts and figures were correct at date of publication and were compiled using a range of sources.

                                                                Vetfone™ is a 24/7 unlimited, free telephone or video call service that provides expert advice from vets or vet nurses qualified with the RCVS (Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons). If your pet has a medical emergency, or you need advice on health, grooming, feeding or behaviour Vetfone™ is there to help.

                                                                As a Tesco Bank Pet Insurance customer, you can access friendly, expert advice from qualified Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons as a standard benefit with your policy, and the service is provided at no additional cost. A quick telephone call or video call could answer any questions you have about your pet, give you peace of mind and could even save you a trip to the vet.

                                                                Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance Ltd. The vetfone™ service is provided by VetsDirect Ltd.

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