Pomeranian running through garden

All about your Pomeranian

Friendly, inquisitive and playful, the fox-faced Pomeranian is the perfect companion and a fantastic watchdog. Discover this extroverted little dog, and get tips on a range of topics from exercise, grooming and behaviour, to what you can do to keep your dog healthy and happy.

    Breed information & advice

    The lively and intelligent Pomeranian is part of the toy dog group and the smallest of the spitz breeds. Descended from sled dogs, he may be small but is a surprising bundle of energy, so make sure to give him plenty of attention.

    • The Pomeranian has a bold “can-do” attitude and is quite feisty, so it’s wise to train your dog early on to show him who’s in charge
    • His thick double coat requires frequent brushing, and his eyes and ears should be cleaned regularly
    • He will typically weigh from 2kg to 3kg when fully grown
    • A healthy Pomeranian can live between 12 and 16 years.

    Typical size of a Pomeranian: Small: 18cm-30cm

        Pomeranian Begins Trotting On Pebble Path

        Recommended exercise & nutrition

        Pomeranians are naturally active and curious, so will need at least half an hour of exercise a day, or to be taken for several shorter walks. As such a peppy breed, it’s important to introduce training early on in your dog’s life so that you give him the opportunity to socialise with other people and animals, and teach him the quiet command from the start.

        Pomeranians can be fussy eaters, but firm and gentle training when your dog is a puppy should help. Feeding quantities will depend on your dog’s size and age and always read the directions on the packet.

          Half an hour of exercise per day

          An energetic, alert little dog that enjoys going for walks and exploring the house, as well as being taught tricks and agility training.


              Common health problems & illnesses

              Pomeranians are generally healthy dogs but they’ll need regular check-ups and vaccinations to stay in good shape. There are some conditions that this breed may be more prone to, and it’s worth being aware of the main symptoms, so you know what to watch out for.

                1. Lameness

                Pomeranians may be affected by lameness due to certain conditions such as a luxating or “floating” kneecap. It’s genetic and more common in smaller animals, so keep an eye out for a bow-legged stance, or any stiffness or limping when your dog is moving around. Your vet can advise on the best course of treatment, which can vary between surgical and non-surgical options.

                  2. Gastroenteritis

                  Pomeranians can be susceptible to gastroenteritis, an inflammation of the stomach or intestines caused by injury, irritation or disease. Symptoms to look out for include persistent diarrhoea and vomiting, blood in vomit or stools, a lack of appetite and dehydration, so if you notice any of these in your dog, make an appointment with your vet who will recommend treatment options.

                    3. Coughing

                    Try to take notice of the sounds your Pomeranian makes. A harsh cough could be a sign of a collapsed windpipe, which can be caused when small dogs pull too hard against their collar during walks. You can avoid this condition by using a body harness rather than a collar, or by training your dog to walk alongside you.

                      4. Epilepsy

                      This breed can suffer from epileptic seizures, which can be distressing for both the dog and the owner. The effects vary but can be characterised by fits that typically last just a few moments - if they last longer then get in touch with an emergency vet. Epilepsy can usually be kept under control with medication so your dog can get back to his bubbly self.

                        5. Cushing’s Disease

                        Cushing’s disease is a common hormonal disorder that affects how the body regulates itself and may alter a Pomeranian’s behaviour and appearance. If you see a marked increase in your dog’s thirst and how much he goes to the toilet, or notice any signs of weakness or patchy hair loss, then contact your vet who will advise on the most effective treatment.

                            Orange Pomeranian With Tongue Out

                            Dog name popularity

                            If you’re struggling to think of a name for your Pomeranian, take a look at the most popular ones at Tesco Bank Pet Insurance for inspiration.

                              1 Teddy
                              2 Bella
                              3 Buddy
                              4 Bear
                              5 Milo

                              Average treatment costs

                              Wondering whether pet insurance for your Pomeranian is worth it? We’ve put together the top five conditions claimed for by Tesco Bank Pet Insurance customers in 2019, and the average cost of treatment.

                                Top five conditions and average costs

                                Top five conditions and average costs





                                        Patella luxation






                                                    Tesco Bank Pet Insurance claims data from paid treatments including excesses from 01/09/19 to 31/08/20.

                                                    Considering Pomeranian insurance?

                                                    We know your dog is an important member of the family, so give them the protection they deserve with Tesco Bank Pet Insurance.

                                                    Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc.

                                                    Grooming advice

                                                    Regular weekly grooming, with an occasional bath when necessary, is enough to keep your Pomeranian proudly looking his best. It can also be a great bonding experience to bring you closer together.

                                                    This breed has a thick double coat which needs to be brushed frequently to remove the dead hair and dander that can give people an allergic reaction. Your dog also has tough, fast-growing nails that should be clipped or trimmed regularly to prevent scratching, splitting or cracking.

                                                    Common in most small breeds, Pomeranians may experience teeth and gum problems. Try to brush his teeth ideally on a daily basis, and give him high-quality dry dog food to encourage good oral health. It’s also worth taking the time to check his eyes and ears for any build-up of dirt and debris, as this can lead to infections.

                                                      Fun & interesting facts

                                                      • A Pom called Boo, claimed to be the ‘World’s Cutest Dog’, was a YouTube and Facebook sensation in the early 2010s.
                                                      • They are one of the most diversely coloured dogs in the world. The American Kennel Club lists 18 different colours and nine different markings for this single breed.
                                                      • Queen Victoria and President Theodore Roosevelt were both admirers of Pomeranians, contributing to their popularity.
                                                      • One of the breed’s first recorded fans was Michelangelo, who is believed to have had one by his side when he painted the Sistine Chapel.
                                                      • Pomeranians are the smallest of the Arctic spitz breeds, which include Akitas, Huskies and Samoyeds.

                                                      Important information

                                                      Key information

                                                      The content on this page aims to offer an informative introduction to pet breeds, but does not constitute expert veterinary advice. If your dog or cat falls ill or has an injury, contact your vet immediately. Tesco Bank Pet Insurance has a partnership with vetfone™ which means that as a customer, you can benefit from their advice as part of your policy.

                                                      Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc. The vetfone™ service is provided by VetsDirect Ltd.

                                                      All facts and figures were correct at date of publication and were compiled using a range of sources.

                                                        What is vetfone?

                                                        Vetfone™ is a 24/7 unlimited, free telephone or video call service that provides expert advice from nurses qualified with the RCVS (Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons). If your pet has a medical emergency, or you need reassurance on grooming, feeding or general advice, vetfone™ is there to help.

                                                        As a Tesco Pet Insurance customer, you can access expert veterinary advice provided by RCVS registered vet nurses as a standard benefit with your policy, and the service is provided at no additional cost. A quick telephone call or video call could answer any questions you have about your pet, give you peace of mind and could even save you a trip to the vet.

                                                        Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc. The vetfone™ service is provided by VetsDirect Ltd.

                                                          Discover more breeds

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