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All about your Persian Cat

Quiet and calm-natured, with a quirky, playful streak.

Beautiful and elegant, the Persian is nothing short of delightful company. From grooming advice to common health conditions, our guide covers the key things you should know about this easy-going, sweet cat known for his glamorous, flowing coat.

Persian Cat Lays On Rolled Up Fabric

Breed information & advice

The fluffy-coated, big-faced Persian will stay by your side and act as a great house companion. Generally a placid breed, he will enjoy lounging about your home, but will also have bursts of energy where he’ll want to play.

  • The Persian prefers a calm, predictable environment where he can relax.
  • His luxurious, long coat will need daily grooming to keep it in good condition.
  • Typically he will weigh between 3kg and 7kg, when fully grown.
  • A healthy Persian will usually live for 10 to 15 years.

Typical size of a Persian


Although known for his relaxed, laid-back attitude, the Persian still requires some form of exercise to help keep his mind and body active. You might choose to keep your cat indoors, due to his delicate coat and shy personality, so buying an indoor climbing tree and giving your cat the ability to wander your home will allow him to flex his muscles. Playing games and teaching your cat tricks will keep his mind well-exercised too.

Cats are carnivores, so you need to feed your Persian a protein-heavy diet – even during his kitten years he will need plenty of meat. Two feedings a day should be sufficient, and quantities will vary depending on your cat’s age, size and exercise regime. Always read the packet instructions.

Relaxed, yet playful companion

While the Persian likes to laze about the house, he’ll still appreciate playtime, so try to set aside a couple of daily play sessions to keep his body and mind active.

A White Persian Cat Walks On Grass
Red Tabby Persian Cat Looking Up

Common health problems & illnesses

Persians need all of the usual vaccinations, flea and worming control, and dental checks to go on to lead a healthy life, but it’s worth being aware of some of the more specific ailments which can affect this breed, so you can look out for any symptoms.

1. Corneal ulcer

Persians may be prone to eye problems due to their physical characteristics. A corneal ulcer can be caused by a scratch or graze to the eye, which in the long run, can lead to infection and further damage. Look out for a watery eye, redness or your cat scratching around his eye. Your vet may prescribe topical treatment, antibiotics or advise surgery depending on the circumstances.

Corneal ulcers accounted for around 4% of all Tesco Pet Insurance claims for owners of this breed in 2015.

2. Kidney issues

This breed may be affected by kidney conditions such as polycystic kidney disease. Kidney disease can be caused by a range of factors including toxins, tumours or infection, but it’s important that any issues are flagged quickly so they can be treated. If you see a change in your cat's toilet habits, such as him going more often, or notice increased thirst or tiredness, it’s worth speaking to your vet who will be able to determine the problem. Treatment advice may involve medication or dietary recommendations.

3. Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is caused by too many thyroid hormones being produced and is a common condition in older cats. Symptoms to look out for include excessive drinking, weight loss and restlessness. If you have concerns, contact your vet who will be able to recommend the best form of treatment.

4. Heart conditions

The Persian breed may be susceptible to heart conditions including a heart murmur or heart disease. It’s difficult to detect heart problems in cats, but look out for weakness or breathing difficulties, and various examinations by your vet will confirm any irregularities. While a heart murmur is monitored and cats can mostly continue to live a happy life, treatment for heart disease includes prescribed drugs.

5. Cystitis

This condition, common in cats, is a result of inflammation of the bladder and can be caused by stress. You might notice your cat struggling to urinate or urinating more often than normal and these can be signs of cystitis. To alleviate the problem, try to make sure your cat is drinking plenty of water and identify any potential sources of stress. If the problem persists, it may be worth seeking advice from your vet.

Cat name popularity

If you’re struggling to think of a name for your Persian, take a look at the most popular ones at Tesco Pet Insurance for inspiration.

Dog name popularity

Average treatment costs

Wondering whether pet insurance for your Persian is worth it? We’ve put together the top five conditions claimed for by Tesco Pet Insurance customers in 2015, and the average cost of treatment.

ConditionAverage treatment cost
Kidney (renal) failure£303.47
Corneal ulcer£281.38
Kidney and renal disease£258.09
Heart failure£309.45

Tesco Pet Insurance claims data from paid treatments including excesses from 01/01/15 to 31/12/15.

Considering Persian insurance?

We know your cat is an important member of the family, so give them the protection they deserve with Tesco Pet Insurance.

Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc.

Grooming advice

The Persian is quite high-maintenance when it comes to grooming, as he has such a long thick coat, so it's best to get into the routine while he’s still a kitten.

Thanks to your pet's luscious locks, you'll need to give him a good daily brush down – use a stainless steel comb to remove all the knots, kinks or tangles.

Due to his flat face, your Persian's eyes will need wiping on a regular basis, to prevent staining to his fur and to prevent infection – use a tissue or soft cloth for this. Keeping his nails trimmed back is also important, as you don’t want his claws to become too long. Remember to take care of your cat’s teeth too – use a specialist toothbrush and toothpaste to remove any bacteria, plaque or tartar build-up.

Fun & interesting facts

  • The breed is either a Peke-face (flat-faced) or Doll-face (the traditional, less flat-faced variation).
  • He was first encountered back in 1621 in Persia (modern-day Iran).
  • Queen Victoria was a huge fan of the breed, and owned two Persians herself.
  • Over 50 different fur colour variations are thought to exist and the main colour divisions are white, blue, black, red, cream, chocolate and lilac.
  • Garfi the Persian is regarded as the world's angriest cat thanks to his seething facial expression.

Important information


The content on this page aims to offer an informative introduction to pet breeds, but does not constitute expert veterinary advice. If your dog or cat falls ill or has an injury, contact your vet immediately. Tesco Bank Pet Insurance has a partnership with vetfone™ which means that as a customer, you can benefit from their advice as part of your policy.

Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc. The vetfone™ service is provided by Vetsdirect Ltd.

All facts and figures were correct at date of publication and were compiled using a range of sources.


Vetfone™ is a 24/7 helpline that provides expert advice from nurses qualified with the RCVS (Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons). If your pet has a medical emergency, or you need reassurance on grooming, feeding or general advice, vetfone™ is there to help.

As a Tesco Pet Insurance customer, you can access expert veterinary advice provided by RCVS registered vet nurses as a standard benefit with your policy, and the service is provided at no additional cost. A quick call could answer any questions you have about your pet, give you peace of mind and could even save you an expensive trip to the vet.

Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc. The vetfone™ service is provided by Vetsdirect Ltd.

Discover more breeds

Browse our other cat and dog guides to learn about some of the UK’s most popular breeds.