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All about your Rottweiler

Committed and dependable, with a good nature and a playful side.

Rottweilers are devoted, confident and alert, and often considered one of the smartest breeds. Discover this strong and spirited dog, and get tips on a range of topics from exercise, grooming and behaviour, to what you can do to keep your pet healthy and happy.

Resting Rottweiler With Head Raised

Breed information & advice

The Rottweiler is part of the working breed group, and tends to display great loyalty to his owners. More affectionately known as a Rottie, it’s important to train this powerful dog at a young age to get him into good habits.

  • Self-assured and strong-minded, the Rottweiler will respect an assertive owner.
  • His coat needs brushing every week or so to avoid tangling.
  • Typically he weighs between 38kg and 59kg, when fully grown.
  • If healthy, he can live between 8 and 11 years.

Typical size of a Rottweiler


Your strong, athletic Rottweiler will be happy getting as much exercise as he can. A few half hour walks each day should be plenty even for your scrappy puppy, but be sure to keep him on his toes at home, with games and puzzles to keep him stimulated.

The amount you feed your dog will depend on his size, age and level of physical activity but make sure his diet is high-quality and contains all the essential nutrients. Split this across two meals and follow the instructions on the packet, but be careful not to overfeed - if your dog gains weight, it could cause additional pressure on his joints.

More than two hours of exercise per day

You may find yourself trying to keep up with your Rottweiler – but both of you will be healthier and happier for it with a good walk twice a day.

Rottweiler Dashes Through Garden With Long Grass
Black And Mahogany Rottweiler Looking On With Tongue Out

Common health problems & illnesses

There’s no reason why your Rottweiler shouldn’t live a long and happy life. However, being aware of the ailments your dog will be more prone to, along with the associated symptoms, can help you to deal with any health issues that crop up.

1. Joint Issues

Some Rottweilers may develop arthritis or hip dysplasia - a condition where the femur doesn’t fit properly into the hip joint’s pelvic socket. Although he may not show any symptoms in early life, it can cause arthritis or degenerative joint disorder as a dog gets older. Look for any signs of discomfort and/or lameness in his rear legs. Treatment options vary, but may include lifestyle changes, physiotherapy and surgery.

Just over 14% of Tesco Pet Insurance claims in 2015 from owners of this breed, were related to arthritis and hip dysplasia.

2. Tumours, lumps, warts and growths

While doing your regular grooming it’s worth keeping an eye out for any lumps and bumps on your dog. Lipomas or fatty growths can be quite common but unless it’s causing the dog difficulty in getting around, these and other benign tumours may not need to be removed. If you notice anything unusual, speak with your vet for any underlying causes or symptoms.

3. Heart problems

It’s possible for Rottweilers to develop subaortic stenosis. This means that the aorta, which carries blood away from the heart and throughout the body, can be prone to narrowing, making the heart work harder to supply oxygen. It’s important to have your dog’s heart checked regularly – the condition usually shows as a heart murmur – and your vet will be able to advise on treatment.

4. Cruciate ligament injury

This breed is predisposed to wear and tear of the cruciate ligaments, which can cause tendons to snap during normal exercise or play. If your dog shows lameness now and then, it could be down to this issue, while a sudden acute problem could indicate a rupture. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, contact your vet who will be able to properly diagnose the condition and discuss treatment options with you.

5. Digestive issues

Gastroenteritis is a condition concerning the inflammation of the stomach and intestines, leading to symptoms including vomiting and diarrhoea. It can be caused by infection or by eating inappropriate foods, and severe cases can be treated with medication. Rottweilers are also susceptible to a more serious bloating condition called gastric dilatation and volvulus or torsion – you can reduce its likelihood by not feeding your dog for at least one hour before or after exercise, and by feeding him from a raised bowl.

Dog name popularity

If you’re struggling to think of a name for your Rottweiler, take a look at the most popular ones at Tesco Pet Insurance for inspiration.

Dog name popularity

Average treatment costs

Wondering whether pet insurance for your Rottweiler is worth it? We’ve put together the top five conditions claimed for by Tesco Pet Insurance customers in 2015, and the average cost of treatment.

ConditionAverage treatment cost
Arthritis and degenerative joint disease£262.69
Cruciate rupture£1,256.63
Hip dysplasia£629.67

Tesco Pet Insurance claims data from paid treatments including excesses from 01/01/15 to 31/12/15.

Considering Rottweiler insurance?

We know your dog is an important member of the family, so give them the protection they deserve with Tesco Pet Insurance.

Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc.

Grooming advice

Your Rottweiler’s coat won’t need constant care, just a brush down every week or so to ensure there’s no tangling or matting. His coat will shed twice a year so keep an eye out for excess hair around the house – when this happens, he’ll need a really good brush-down.

Breeds with shorter coats don’t tend to need a bath as often as their long-haired cousins, so you’ll find that a bath every 8 to 12 weeks will be enough to keep your dog clean as a whistle. Use a special dog shampoo product that’s kind to skin and fur, and be sure to keep the soap out of his eyes.

Clean your Rottweiler’s teeth ideally on a daily basis – like most other dogs there can be the risk of plaque build-up. Ensure his ears are cleaned too – although they’re shorter than on other dogs, neglecting a regular clean could still risk infection.

Fun & interesting facts

  • This breed is thought to go all the way back to the Roman Empire , when their hard-working ancestors were used for a variety of tasks including herding cattle during the day and keeping watch over them at night.
  • This dog belongs to one of the 10 smartest breeds, according to the American Kennel Club.
  • Many Rotties snore while they sleep – it can be surprisingly loud but owners often grow to find it endearing.
  • Will Smith is a big fan of Rottweilers, with four of these beautiful dogs forming part of his family.
  • A Rottweiler was nominated by police for a bravery award from the RSPCA in 2009, after he chased off an attacker and waited with the victim until help arrived.

Important information


The content on this page aims to offer an informative introduction to pet breeds, but does not constitute expert veterinary advice. If your dog or cat falls ill or has an injury, contact your vet immediately. Tesco Bank Pet Insurance has a partnership with vetfone™ which means that as a customer, you can benefit from their advice as part of your policy.

Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc. The vetfone™ service is provided by Vetsdirect Ltd.

All facts and figures were correct at date of publication and were compiled using a range of sources.


Vetfone™ is a 24/7 helpline that provides expert advice from nurses qualified with the RCVS (Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons). If your pet has a medical emergency, or you need reassurance on grooming, feeding or general advice, vetfone™ is there to help.

As a Tesco Pet Insurance customer, you can access expert veterinary advice provided by RCVS registered vet nurses as a standard benefit with your policy, and the service is provided at no additional cost. A quick call could answer any questions you have about your pet, give you peace of mind and could even save you an expensive trip to the vet.

Tesco Bank Pet Insurance is arranged, administered and underwritten by Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance plc. The vetfone™ service is provided by Vetsdirect Ltd.

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